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CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO
CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO
CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO

What makes hemp oil, CBD oil, and THC oil different

Published Jun 19, 2022 09:00 a.m. ET
iStock / Tinnakorn Jorruang

There are so many amazing cannabis and hemp products on the market today that the sheer number of choices can be daunting for new and experienced consumers alike. That’s especially true when you’re browsing through such dramatically different products that all boast a similar name, like hemp oil, CBD oil, and THC oil. Luckily, these options aren’t nearly as complicated as they might seem once you know exactly what each one is, and that’s why we’re going to dive into the key differences for consumers to consider.

What is hemp oil?

Hemp oil is usually created by pressing hemp seeds to extract the natural oils held within the hard casings, though it can technically be made using any part of the plant with the exception of the roots. Unrefined, cold-pressed hemp oil may range in colour from dark brown or green to clear. Hemp seed oil also doesn’t contain any cannabinoids like THC or CBD, so it won’t induce a “high,” nor does it include terpenes, which are the oils that give both cannabis and hemp a notable smell. Because of hemp oil’s lack of active ingredients, it can often be found on supermarket shelves as well as at health food stores, and it’s the only kind of oil on this list that may be purchased outside of dispensaries.

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is much different from hemp oil, as it can be made using either hemp or cannabis cultivars, and though some extractors use all parts of the plants in the process, the flower is nearly always the main focus, as it tends to contain the highest concentration of cannabinoids. CBD oil is not intoxicating as it should contain less than 0.3% THC, something that’s difficult to do with most cannabis cultivars, which is why most producers use hemp, or pure CBD cultivars, to infuse a base oil. CBD oil always includes a carrier oil like vegetable, coconut, or olive, and that ingredient is infused with CBD using flower or isolate.

What is THC oil?

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CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO
CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO
CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO

THC oil is unique because if it’s taken orally, it can certainly induce an intoxicating high that may last for several hours, and as you might have guessed, this product is always made using cannabis or extracts. For this process, everything from the stem to the roots may be used, resulting in a potent oil that should be taken, used, and stored with the utmost caution.

What do they all have in common?

The precise benefits of each type of oil depend on the chosen base (if there is one), as well as the active ingredient. THC oil is the only kind that will intoxicate, whereas hemp oil is the only product that doesn’t usually include an additional ingredient, but it’s surprising how many benefits are interchangeable no matter which one you choose, including:

  • Pain relief
  • Reduced inflammation
  • Healthy fats
  • Vitamins and minerals
  • Better sleep
  • Topical application
  • Oral use
  • They all include some variety of cannabis (even if they’re called hemp!)
  • They can all be mixed into food to create edibles
Who should avoid THC products
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CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO
CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO
CANNABIS WIKI CONFERENCE & EXPO

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