Marijuana’s reclassification in The United States

Published Mar 13, 2019 12:13 p.m. ET

The U.S. Surgeon General supports marijuana research. Jerome Adams is the appointed Surgeon General of the United States of America and is moving forward on analysis and reclassification of marijuana. He is the twentieth Surgeon General and was nominated to the post by the President of the USA, Donald Trump. Reclassification of cannabis is needed to enable cannabis research. The USA is falling behind on the knowledge that those studies provide.

The Surgeon General is forward thinking and acknowledges that there is a need for the reclassification. Changes in the reclassification would prove beneficial in helping to reduce complications that are halting the forward momentum of research. This would also see changes to the justice system. Advocates for the declassification believe that the government can save billions of dollars. The potential reduction in spending for the criminal justice system in America is notable. The economic boom will be staggering. Advocates argue that the billions of annual tax revenues will be generated through the proposal of regulated taxation. Reclassification will provide easier access for medical research, and that will allow studies to flourish. Medical cannabis users will be able to benefit from the therapeutic effects that cannabis can provide.

Is marijuana a controlled substance?

Cannabis falls into the category of a Schedule 1 drug, according to the DEA of the USA. What is a Schedule 1 drug, you might ask? The characteristics of a Schedule 1 drug are as follows:

• The drug or substance has a higher potential for abuse
• The drug has no accepted medical treatment in the USA
• Marijuana is not recognized as safe for use under medical supervision in the USA

Removal of cannabis from the Schedule 1 category, as it currently sits today would not be the first time that the issue has been addressed. Its’s removal has been proposed many times since 1972. People in favor of the reclassification believe that it does not meet the requirements of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and therefore conclude that the government should allow medical use of marijuana.

Federal law in the USA states that no prescriptions can be written for Schedule 1 drugs or substances. These drugs are not readily available for clinical use. The law states that if you possess any of the mentioned drugs in Schedule 1, like heroin, ecstasy, and marijuana without a prescription, you have violated the law.

Currently, the transfer of marijuana to another Schedule classification seems promising. A new bill would encourage the DEA to transfer marijuana to Schedule 111 of the CSA. This Schedule would deem marijuana as a drug or substance that has less potential for abuse than the Schedule 1 o 11 drugs or substances. It will be rendered acceptable for medical use. Cannabis would also be classed as a low to moderate risk of dependency if the drug is misused.

Presently there are thirty-three states that have legalized the use of medical marijuana. However, under Federal law cannabis is still illegal. The Surgeon General of the United States of America is moving forward with the realization that the cannabis plant possess many benefits for the USA and her citizens.

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